Foreign trade

In 2018, the export of goods totalled EUR 14.5 billion and total imports amounted to EUR 16.3 billion. Estonian foreign trade is mostly based on strong economic ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania and Germany, as well as with other countries.

Foreign Trade in Estonia 2018

  • Exports: €14.5 billion
  • Imports: €16.3 billion
EUR in billions Exports %
of total
Imports %
of total
Machinery and mechanical appliances;
electrical equipment
3.5 24% 3.9 24%
Mineral products 2.2 15% 2.5 15%
Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal; cork 1.5 11% 0.6 3%
Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1.2 8% 0.4 2%
Base metals and articles of base meta 1.1 8% 1.5 9%
Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated
transport equipment
0.9 6% 1.7 10%
Products of the chemical or allied industries 0.7 5% 1.4 8%
Prepared foodstuffs; beverages,
spirits and vinegar;
tobacco
0.5 3% 0.8 5%
Optical, photographic, cinematographic,
measuring,
checking, precision, medical
0.4 3% 0.4 2%
Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles
thereof
0.4 3% 0.8 5%
Textiles and textile articles 0.4 3% 0.7 4%
Live animals; animal products 0.4 3% 0.3 2%
Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic
material;
waste and scrap of paper or paperboard
0.4 3% 0.3 2%
Other 0.7 5% 1.0 6%


Source: Statistics of Estonia

Useful Links

Estonian Tax and Customs Board: www.emta.ee
Statistics of Estonia: www.stat.ee
Estonian Investments and Trade Agency: www.investinestonia.com
Doing Business in Estonia: www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/estonia
Bank of Estonia: www.eestipank.ee